Trending Baluchari Silk Saree | Sareeing

This fabric is named after the village ‘Baluchar’ located on the bank river of Bhagirathi in Murshidabad district, West Bengal, and is presently known as Jiaganj.
Baluchari weaving flourished during the period of Murshid Quli Khan, the Diwan of Bengal, an erstwhile Hindu Brahmin who embraced Islam and these textiles are famous for their elaborate ‘anchal’ (Palloo).

It has been eulogized as the “loveliest and most charming of all silks of India”. It is a highly decorative silk fabric having extra weft on the ‘Palloo’, border, and body.
The motifs are mainly derived from the social/religious customs, animals, lifestyles of people, etc.
For example, a man smoking hookah, a lady with a flower, a man riding a horse, a chariot, a marriage, a mosque, a temple, vignettes from Ramayana, etc., are some of the motifs generally used and organize in narrative style in Palloo portion.

And the important feature of the technique is the white outlining of the motifs. Also, paisley motifs are arranged centrally in the Palloo portion and all-over ‘butties’ are in the body portion.
Materials used Murshidabad variety of less twisted mulberry silk yarn was originally used in Baluchari sarees. Coarser silk varieties like Matka silk were also used some time back.
Later, it has been replaced by 18/20 D(2ply) organzine silk yarn for warp and a single yarn of Malda variety mulberry ilk in 3 ply is used for the weft. 96s to 100s steel reed is normally used for Baluchari saree weaving and the extra warp designs are woven with Jacquards replacing the’ Jala’ technique of the olden days.
Weaving technique Main feature of the Baluchari Sari is the arrangement of design in Palloo by maintaining the corner and cross border perfectly in boxes ‘Jala’ technique was originally followed by Baluchari weavers in those days.

Presently Baluchari fabrics are woven in the Bishnupur of Bankura district with jacquards and the designs are from the influence of motifs of ‘terracotta’ temples in Bishnupur.
The pictorial element of these sarees retains a degree of continuity and evidence of the assimilation of diverse cultures giving rise to a distinctive art form that was accommodative and secular.
Double Jacquards are used for Palloo and borders and weavers are experts in graph making and punching of design cards. How to distinguish genuine Balucharil Saree.
Baluchari silk sarees can easily be identified from the construction of long Palloo and placement of its design motifs in perfect
rectangular closed corners to maintain the continuity of the designs without breaking. The basic fabric is heavier and more compact than Banarasi Saree.
Designs are made with extra weft using silk yarn. No jari is used as done in Banarasi or other silk saree.


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